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Who's On Board With The Copenhagen Accord?

Reported Reactions to the Copenhagen Accord (Quick Link: Will Engage; Will Not Engage; Yet To Respond)

Copenhagen Accord Analysis

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Statements

 

Christiana Figueres, new UNFCCC Chief, on the Copenhagen Accord

An excerpt from the May 18 Climatewire article, "Christiana Figueres, regarded as 'a real uniter,' takes the helm at UNFCCC".

A small group of Latin American countries as well as Sudan blocked the Copenhagen Accord from adoption on the final night of the summit. In a televised press conference announcing her candidacy for the UNFCCC position, Figueres said she understood and agreed with the criticisms of those five countries.

"What they were bringing out, with which I completely agree, was that the process that was used to come to the Copenhagen Accord was a process that was not as inclusive as it should have been or as transparent as it should have been. They were fully correct about that assessment in that moment," she said.

Speaking to ClimateWire yesterday, Figueres called the Copenhagen Accord "a big step forward for all of the participating countries, but it is a small step for the planet." She criticized the agreement -- which loosely calls for countries to hold average global temperatures below a 2 degree Celsius rise -- as not providing "the level of ambition that is necessary to ensure the survival of the most vulnerable states."

Whether the Copenhagen Accord forms the basis of a new treaty to replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol will be up to member countries, Figuerues said. In the meantime, she called passage of U.S. climate legislation "quite critical to the entire international regime."

NGO Reactions to Copenhagen Accord

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. Country Date Reported Statements
Engagement with Accord
Reduction by 2020

Reduction
Base
Year

Reduction
Type
On 1990 Scale (+/-)
Share of World's Total GHGs1 CO2 Emissions
per capita
(tCO2eq)1
Source
Afghanistan 3/22
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions -
- - 0.03% 0.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Albania 1/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.02%
2.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Algeria 3/9
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord
- - - 0.32%
4.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Angola 6/17
2010
The Government of Angola has notified the UNFCCC of its support for the Copenhagen Accord. SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.31%
8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Antigua & Barbuda 6/16
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 25% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -25% 0.00%
5.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Argentina 2/15
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions.Read more Submitted a list of projects in seven areas, such as renewable energy, biofuels, and others to support mitigation. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.81%
9.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Armenia 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions -
- - 0.02% 2.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Australia 1/27
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read more"We are today submitting our existing target range: 5% unconditional, with up to 15% and 25% both conditional on the extent of action by others," said Australian Climate Change Minister Penny Wong. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the accord and submitted reduction targets
5 to 25%
2000
Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -3.89% to
-24.1%6
1.30%
27.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Bahamas 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
7.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Bangladesh 1/25
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.33%
0.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Barbados 4/22
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
5.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Belarus 1/31
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreThe target is 5-10% below 1990 levels, premised on conditions such as access to Kyoto flexible mechanisms, technology transfer, capacity building, and others. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the accord and submitted reduction targets 5 to 10% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -5 to
-10%
0.19%
8.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Belize 5/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
3.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Benin 2/8
2010
The Government of Benin has the honor of notifying the UNFCCC of its support for the Copenhagen Accord. SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.03%
1.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Bhutan 2/5
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
2.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Bosnia & Herzegovina 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.05%
5.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Botswana 1/25
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.03%
6.4
Blue Link
UNFCCC
Brazil 12/29
2009
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreBrazil submitted a list of voluntary domestic actions that are anticipated to acheive a reduction of 36.1% to 38.9% below the projected emissions of Brazil by 2020. This voluntary target is in line with a domestic law signed by President Lula in late December requiring a similar emissions cut. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 36.1 to
38.9%
N/A BAUBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +6.4 to
+1.7%2
6.6% 15.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Brunei Darusalam 6/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.03%
32.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Burkina Faso 3/19
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.04%
1.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Burundi 5/20
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Cambodia 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.25%
7.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Cameroon 6/8
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.25%
6.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Canada 1/30
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreCanada submitted an emissions reduction target of 17% below 2005 levels, to be aligned with the final economy-wide emissions target of the United States. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets
17% 2005 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. +0.25%8 1.86%
24.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Cape Verde 5/20
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Central African Republic 1/29
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions.Read more Submitted a list of projects in seven areas, such as renewable energy, biofuels, and others to support mitigation. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.14%
14.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Chad 3/30
2010
The Government of Chad has of notified the UNFCCC of its support for the Copenhagen Accord. SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.05%
2.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Chile 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.19%
5.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

China 1/29
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions and a letter indicating association. Also submitted additional information saying "China highly commends and supports the Copenhagen Accord."Read moreChina, "will endeavor to lower its carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40-45%
by 2020 compared to the 2005 level, increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 15 percent by 2020 and increase forest coverage by 40 million hectares and forest stock volume by 1.3 billion cubic metres by 2020 from the 2005 levels."
Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 40 to 45% N/A Blue TurnCarbon intensity. How much fossil fuels you have to burn to produce an economic unit. Reducing carbon intensity means a country's GDP will continue to rise without carbon emissions rising at the same rate due to greater energy efficiency and investment in greener technologies See Note9 16.64%
5.5 Blue Link
UNFCCC
Colombia 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.41%
4.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Costa Rica 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read more"Costa Rica will implement 'Long term economy-wide transformational effort to enable carbon-neutrality' that will help the country to significantly deviate from business as usual GHG emissions," in a voluntary nature and subject to adequate financial assistance, technology transfer, and capacity development. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.02%
2.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Côte d'Ivoire 2/12
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions -
- - 0.07% 1.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Croatia 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read more Target is temporary; upon accession of Croatia to the EU, the target "shall be replaced by arrangement in line with and part of the European Union mitigation effort." Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 5% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -5% 0.07%
6.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Democratic Republic of the Congo 1/30
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.62%
4.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Djibouti 2/2
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
1.5
Blue Link
UNFCCC
Eritrea 3/17
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions -
- - 0.01% 0.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Ethiopia 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions.Read more Submitted a list of projects in seven areas, such as renewable energy, biofuels, and others to support mitigation. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.17%
1.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

European Union

(EU-27)

1/27
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreThe European Union has told the United Nations that it will stick to its pledge to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 20% by 2020 from 1990 levels. The EU also notified the U.N. of a "conditional offer to increase this cut to 30%, provided that other major emitters agree to take on their fair share of a global reduction effort." Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 20% / 30% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -20% /
-30%
11.69%
10.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Fiji 1/30
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
3.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Gabon 2/22
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions
- - - 0.03%
10.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Gambia 2/14
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
0.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Georgia 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.02%
2.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Ghana 1/13
2010
Formally submitted letters to the United Nations indicating association. An additional letter described their actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.05%
1.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Guatemala 2/5
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.21%
7.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Guinea 3/19
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.04%
2.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Guinea-Bissau 6/03
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
1.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Guyana 2/12
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
7.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Honduras 7/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.15%
9.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Iceland 1/27
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreIceland's emissions target is a 30% reduction below 1990 levels, in a joint effort with the EU, provided that other developed countries commit to comparable emissions reductions and that developing countries contribute adequately according to respective capabilities. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 30% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -30% 0.01%
11.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

India 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreIndia submitted a proposal to cut emission intensity by 20-25 percent by 2020, below 2005 levels. India may be listed in the chapeau of the Accord, with the understanding that it is an input into the ongoing two-track UN negotiation process. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 20% to
25%
2005 Blue TurnCarbon intensity. How much fossil fuels you have to burn to produce an economic unit. Reducing carbon intensity means a country's GDP will continue to rise without carbon emissions rising at the same rate due to greater energy efficiency and investment in greener technologies See Note10 4.32%
1.7 Blue Link
UNFCCC
Country Date Reported Statements
Engagement with Accord
Reduction by 2020

Reduction
Base
Year

Reduction
Type
On 1990 Scale (+/-)
Share of World's Total GHGs1 CO2 Emissions
per capita
(tCO2eq)1
Source
Indonesia 1/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreIndonesia submitted a list of seven voluntary mitigation actions to acheive an emissions reduction target of 26% below "Business As Usual" projections for 2020. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 26% N/A BAUBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +22%5 4.73% 9.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Israel 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreIsrael will "strive for target of 20% reduction of GHG emissions by 2020 below BAU." Associated with this goal are targets to reach 10% renewable energy for electricity generation and reduce electricity consumption by 20% by 2020. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord 20% N/A BAUBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +91.6%13
0.19%
11.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Jamaica 4/7
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.03%
4.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Japan 1/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreJapan reitered with the United Nations a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent below 1990 levels by 2020. Japan's commitment is made on the condition that all major emitters commit to ambitious targets. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 25% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -25% 3.14%
10.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Jordan 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreJordan's actions are listed for six sectors, including transportation, energy, waste, and others. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - -
0.05%
4.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Kazakhstan 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 15% 1992 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -7.40%11
0.48%
13.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Kenya 5/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.10%
1.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Kiribati 2/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
0.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Laos 2/15
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.04%
3.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Lebanon 3/24
2010
Lebanon joins the sentiment of a number of Parties to endorse the Accord. .
SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.05%
4.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Lesotho 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
0.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Liberia 6/9
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
0.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Liechtenstein 1/27
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreCommits to a 20% reduction below 1990 levels by 2020. If other developed countries agree to comparable reductions and emerging economies contribute according to their respective capabilities within the framework of a binding agreement, Liechtenstein will up the target to 30%. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the accord and submitted reduction targets
20% / 30%
1990
Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -20% /
-30%
-
-

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Macedonia 1/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreActions include GHG emissions reductions for electric power, energy transformation and heating, transport, waste, and agriculture and forestry. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.03%
5.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Madagascar 1/25
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - - 0.07%
1.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Malawi 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.02%
0.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Maldives 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreMaldives has set a voluntary and unconditional action of acheiving carbon neutrality by 2020. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 100% 2009 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -100% 0.00%
2.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mali 1/22
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.05%
1.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Marshall Islands 1/27
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreMarshall Islands aims for a 40% reduction of CO2 emissions below 2009 levels by 2020, subject to adequate international support. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord 40% 2009 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. - -
-

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mauritania 2/22
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions.Read more Submitted a list of projects in seven areas, such as renewable energy, biofuels, and others to support mitigation. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.02%
3.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mauritius 6/16
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
3.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mexico 1/31
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreMexico has adopted a set of nationally appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions known as the Special Climate Change Program in 2009 to acheive a reduction in total annual emissions of 51 Mt CO2e by 2012, with respect to the business as usual scenario. Mexico aims to reduce GHG emissions by 30% with respect to BAU by 2020, given adequate financial and technical support. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 30% N/A BAUBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +19.8%12 1.58% 6.6

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Moldova 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreMoldova aims for a reduction of "no less than 25% of the base year (1990) level total national GHG emissions have to be achieved by 2020." Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord 25% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -25%
0.03%
3.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Monaco 2/5
2010
Expressed support for the Copenhagen Accord and submitted to UNFCCC an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreMonaco set a target of 30% below 1990 levels, to be achieved through the use of flexible mechanisms, such as CDM, with the goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050. Supportive with targetAnnex I party that has submitted emission reduction target and indicated their support or engangement with the Accord 30% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -30% -
-

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mongolia 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions - - - 0.07%
11.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Montenegro 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.15%
5.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Morocco 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.14%
2.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Mozambique 3/30
2010
The Government of Mozambique has notified the UNFCCC of its support for the Copenhagen Accord. SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.06%
1.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Namibia 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.03%
5.7 Blue Link
UNFCCC
Nepal 1/31
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.09%
1.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

New Zealand 2/1
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreNew Zealand maintains a conditional target of 10 to 20% reductions below 1990 levels.
Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 10 to 20%
1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -10 to 20% 0.18%
19.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Nigeria 5/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 1.05%
3.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Norway 1/25
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. Also submitted emissions target of 30-40% below 1990 levels. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 30 to 40% 1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -30 to
-40%
0.12%
11.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Palau 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
6.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Panama 1/30
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.02%
3.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Papua New Guinea 2/1
2010
Asked to be listed as "supportive" of the Copenhagen Accord.Read moreAlso submitted preliminary and conditional mitigation actions and adaptation investments, with six conditions needed for their support of the Accord. Supportive with actionsParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Acord and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions, but has not clearly indicated association
- - - 0.12%
8.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Peru 6/23
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. On June 23, 2010 a second letter was submitted with actions. Associated with actionsParty has indicated their association with the Accord and submitted emissions reduction actions - - - 0.34%
5.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Country Date Reported Statements
Engagement with Accord
Reduction by 2020

Reduction
Base
Year

Reduction
Type
On 1990 Scale (+/-)
Share of World's Total GHGs1 CO2 Emissions
per capita
(tCO2eq)1
Source
Philippines 1/27
2010
The Philippines joins the sentiment of a number of Parties to endorse the Accord. The Philippine government has since solicited comments from stakeholders regarding their position regarding the Copenhagen Accord.
SupportiveParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Accord, but has not clearly indicated association - - - 0.48%
2.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Republic of Congo 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.04%
4.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Russian Federation 2/1
2010
Submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreTarget condional upon "An appropriate allowance for the Russian forests in the context of the contribution to the implementation of commitments to reduce anthropogenic emissions, and adoption of legally binding commitments to reduce anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases by all major emitters." Note: Russia did not include language to associate itself with the Accord. Submitted targetAnnex I parties that have submitted emission reduction targets, but have not indicated their association with the Accord 15 to 25%
1990 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -15 to
-25%
4.64%
14.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Rwanda 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
0.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Samoa 1/20
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
1.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

San Marino 2/18
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. Associated with actionsParty has indicated their association with the Accord and submitted emissions reduction actions
- - - -
-

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Senegal 2/2
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.05%
1.9

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Serbia 1/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.15%
5.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Sierra Leone 2/1
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Submitted actionsNon-Annex I parties that have submitted emission reduction actions, but have not indicated their association with the Accord - - -
0.01%
0.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Singapore 1/12
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. Read more"Singapore will commence to implement measures to reduce its carbon emissions," said Minister for the Environment and Water Resources Yaacob Ibrahim [Jan. 11]. But the cuts will not be the full 16 per cent below business as usual (BAU) levels by 2020 conditionally pledged previously. He noted that although the political deal – called the Copenhagen Accord – achieved is not perfect, “it provides a step in the direction of arriving at a global legally binding framework agreement to address climate change” Associated with actionsParty has indicated their association with the Accord and submitted emissions reduction actions 7 to 11% N/A BAUBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +124 to +115%7 0.11%
11.3 Blue Link
UNFCCC
South Africa 1/5
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read more South Africa reiterates that it will take nationally appropriate mitigation action to enable a 34% reduction below the "Business As Usual" emissions growth trajectory by 2020, dependent on the provision of financial resources, the transfer of technology, and capacity building support. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 34% N/A BAU Blue TurnBusiness As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +48.2%4 0.98% 9.0 Blue Link
UNFCCC
South Korea 12/30
2009
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Read moreSouth Korea sets a goal to reduce national greenhouse gas emissions by 30% from the business as usual emissions by 2020. Associated with actionsNon-Annex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions 30% N/A Business As Usual (BAU). A commitment to reduce emissions from the most plausible projection of the future if climate-friendly actions were not taken. +63.9%3 1.3% 11.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Swaziland 1/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.01%
2.4

UNFCCC

Switzerland 2/26
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreSwitzerland has a conditional offer to move to a 30% reduction below 1990 levels, provided other developed countries commit to comparable reductions. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the accord and submitted reduction targets
20% / 30%
1990
Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -20% /
-30%
0.12%
7.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Tajikistan 1/12
2011
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.02%
1.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Tanzania 2/3
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.25%
2.8

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Timor-Leste 5/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.05%
0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Togo 2/16
2010
Submitted to UNFCCC nationally appropriate mitigation actions. Supportive with actionsParty has indicated their support or endorsement of the Acord and submitted nationally appropriate mitigation actions, but has not clearly indicated association - - -
0.01%
1.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Tonga 3/18
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - -
0.00%
1.0

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Trinidad & Tobago 1/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.08%
27.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Tunisia 2/11
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. Associated with actionsParty has indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction actions
- - - 0.08%
3.3

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Uganda 4/22
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.07%
1.1

UNFCCC

Ukraine 4/21
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association (with numerous pre-conditions) and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreUkraine's preconditions include keeping Ukraine's status as a "country in transition," continue to use 1990 for calculating Parties commitments and keeping existing flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol. Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the accord and submitted reduction targets
20%
1990
Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -20% 1.14%
10.5

Blue Link

UNFCCC

United Arab Emirates 2/14
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.36%
38.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

United States 1/28
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association and submitted an economy-wide emissions reduction target. Read moreThe United States submitted an emissions reduction target "in the range of 17%, in conformity with anticipated U.S. energy and climate legislation." Associated with targetAnnex I parties that have indicated their association with the Accord and submitted reduction targets 17%
2005 Blue ArrowEmission Reductions. A target which reduces a country's overall greenhouse gas emissions. -3.67%8 15.78% 23.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Uruguay 1/29
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating association. AssociatedParty has indicated their association with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.10%
12.7

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Vietnam 4/4
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating they will associate. AssociatedParty has indicated they will associate with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.41%
2.1

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Zambia 3/12
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating they will associate. AssociatedParty has indicated they will associate with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.36%
13.4

Blue Link

UNFCCC

. Country Date Reported Statements
Engagement with Accord
Reduction by 2020

Reduction
Base
Year

Reduction
Type
On 1990 Scale (+/-)
Share of World's Total GHGs1 CO2 Emissions
per capita
(tCO2eq)1
Source
Bolivia 5/14
2010
Submitted statement to UN indicating Bolivia will not associate itself with the accord. Will not engageParties that have indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.47% 22
Blue Link
Guardian14
Cuba 1/19
2010
A UNFCCC spokesman stated Cuba will not sign on to the Copenhagen Accord. Unlikely to engageParties that have publically indicated they will likely not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.09% 3.6
Blue Link
Bloomberg
Cook Islands 3/12
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating they will not engage with the Accord at this time. Will not EngageParty has indicated they will not engage with the Accord without submitting reduction actions
- - - 0.00%
3.2

Blue Link

UNFCCC

Ecuador 1/31
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating Ecuador "will not join" the Copenhagen Accord. Will not engageParties that have formally indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.29% 9.8
Blue Link
UNFCCC
Kuwait 1/31
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating Kuwait "will not associate itself with the accord." Will not engageParties that have formally indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.20% 34.8
Blue Link
UNFCCC
Nauru 2/11
2010
Formally submitted letter to the United Nations indicating Nauru "will not to associate with the Accord at this time." Will not engageParties that have formally indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.00% 11.2
Blue Link
UNFCCC
Tuvalu 5/11
2010
Media report indicates Tuvalu "will not to associate with the Accord at this time." Will not engageParties that have indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.00% - Blue Link
Focus Taiwan
Venezuela 5/27
2010
LCA submission states the Accord "cannot be used as a basis to reach a future legally binding agreement."' Will not engageParties that have indicated they will not engage with the Accord (actions or association). N/A N/A N/A N/A 1.04% 16.9
Blue Link
UNFCCC14
Country Date Reported Statements
Engagement with Accord
Reduction by 2020

Reduction
Base
Year

Reduction
Type
On 1990 Scale (+/-)
Share of World's Total GHGs1 CO2 Emissions
per capita
(tCO2eq)1
Source

 

 


Yet To Respond

The following parties to the UNFCCC have yet to give any indication whether they will or will not engage with the Copenhagen Accord:

Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Comoros, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Grenada, Haiti, Iran, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Malaysia, Micronesia,  Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Niue, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

 


 

Notes

  1. World Resources Institute, Climate Analysis Indicator Tool (CAIT). 2005, includes land-use change & forestry.
  2. 2020 BAU Projection: "Cenários para Oferta Brasileira de Mitigação de Emissões"
    Historic Emissions: "Brazilian Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The Importance of Agriculture and Livestock"
  3. 2020 BAU Projection: U.S. EIA, International Energy Outlook 2009 & U.S. EPA, Global Anthropogenic Emissions of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases 1990-2020
    Historic Emissions: WRI, CAIT. 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  4. 2020 BAU Projection: South Africa Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, Long Term Mitigation Scenarios
    Historic Emissions: WRI, CAIT. 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  5. 2020 BAU Projection: The Jakarta Post, "Indonesia Needs Rp 83 Trillion to Meet Emission Cut Target," (12/29/09)
    Historic Emissions: WRI, CAIT. 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  6. Historic Emissions: Australia National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Includes land-use change & forestry.
  7. 2020 BAU Projection: Eco-Business, "Singapore Leaders Pledge Carbon Cut," (12/3/09)
    See "True or False: Singapore to Reduce Carbon Emissions Growth by 16% from 2020 BAU Levels" for possible discrepancies in BAU projection
    Historic Emissions: WRI, CAIT. 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  8. Historic Emissions: WRI, CAIT. 2005 & 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  9. A carbon intensity reduction cannot accurately be represented in terms of reductions on a 1990 base year, due to wide variation in GDP projections. As shown by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network, the projected GDP for China in 2020 varies between 1.5 and 5.1 trillion US$. Using this data, China's intensity reduction pledge may represent anywhere from a 15% decrease to a 204% increase in emissions versus 1990 levels. This highlights the significant impact of economic growth when pledges are made relative to carbon intensity.
  10. A carbon intensity reduction cannot accurately be represented in terms of reductions on a 1990 base year, due to wide variation in GDP projections. As shown by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network, the projected GDP for India in 2020 varies between 1.0 and 2.1 trillion US$. Using this data, India's intensity reduction pledge may represent anywhere from a 87 to 277% increase in emissions versus 1990 levels. This highlights the significant impact of economic growth when pledges are made relative to carbon intensity.
  11. Historic Emissions: UNFCCC Greenhouse Gas Inventory. 1992 & 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
    Note: Kazakhstan's target represents a 7.4% reduction from 1990 levels, but a 22.7% increase from 2005 levels, according to the UNFCCC GHG data.
  12. Historic Emissions and 2020 BAU Projection: Mexico Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, "Programa Especial de Cambio Climático 2009-2012"
  13. 2020 BAU Projection: Israel Ministry of the Environment, Israel Environment Bulletin vol. 35
    Historic Emissions:
    WRI, CAIT. 1990, includes land-use change & forestry.
  14. Also confirmed through personal correspondence.
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