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Clean Vehicles: Saving Oil & Reducing Pollution

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Clean Vehicles: Saving Oil & Reducing Pollution

Cleaner Gasoline and Vehicle Standards

On March 03, 2014, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the rule for Cleaner Gasoline and Vehicle Standards, also known as “Tier 3.” The Tier 3 standards treat fuels and engines as a single system to be regulated together. Under the system approach, sulfur levels in fuel are reduced to allow for the introduction of improved catalyst technologies into the market.  Since sulfur degrades the effectiveness of catalysts, lowering sulfur content will also immediately enhance the performance of emission reduction technologies in the existing passenger fleet.

This system approach results in more efficient and more economical vehicle emission reductions than could be achieved if the fuel and engines were regulated separately. This approach was successfully applied to the Tier 2 standards for cars and light trucks as well as for the diesel rules for heavy duty vehicles.

The Tier 3 standards will cut emissions of a range of harmful pollutants.  Reducing the sulfur content of gasoline will produce immediate benefits, eliminating more than 264,000 tons of NOx in 2018.  The new tailpipe standards require smog-forming non-methane organic gases (NMOG) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) to be reduced by 80% compared to today’s fleet average and individual vehicles to emit 70% less particulate matter.   By 203o, these standards will prevent thousands of premature deaths, hospital visits, and asthma attacks, as well as 1.4 million lost school and workdays annually. In addition, the EPA estimates that the standards will increase the cost of refining gasoline by less than a cent per gallon. The new standards will take effect in 2017.

Resources on the proposed Cleaner Gasoline and Vehicle Standards are included below:


Fact Sheets

Letters

Congressional Letters

Press Releases

Press Clips And Blogs

Reports And Other Resources

Members Only

Fuel Efficiency Standards - Cars and Light Trucks

In April 2010 the Obama administration issued urgently needed fuel efficiency and carbon pollution standards for new cars and light trucks for model years 2012 to 2016. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated these standards through 2016 would save 1.8 billion barrels of oil and reduce carbon pollution by 900 million metric tons, the equivalent of closing almost 200 coal-fired power plants. Then in August 2012, the Administration finalized standards for the new wave of cleaner cars for model years 2017 to 2025. The finalized new standard of 54.5 mpg, if implemented correctly, will make America's cars run further on a gallon of gas, reduce harmful pollution and spur job creation in the auto industry. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, these new standards will cut oil consumption by as much as 3.1 million barrels per day by 2030, an amount equivalent to US imports from the Persian Gulf and Venezuela combined.

 

Resources on clean cars are included below:


Fact Sheets

Letters

Congressional Letters

Press Releases

Press and Articles

Reports and Other Resources

Reports:

Videos:
June 28, 2011 Increase My MPG!, Pew Environment Group

Fuel Efficiency Standards - Medium and Heavy-Duty Trucks

red truck

On August 9, 2011, President Obama finalized the first-ever fuel efficiency and carbon pollution standards for medium and heavy-duty trucks. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that this comprehensive national program, aimed at heavy vehicles manufactured from 2014 to 2018, will reduce oil consumption by approximately 530 million barrels and cut carbon dioxide pollution by about 270 million metric tons over the operating lifetimes of the vehicles. This standard is also set to save $73,000 through reduced fuel costs for truck operators over the truck’s useful life, saving American businesses an estimated $50 billion in fuel costs.

On February 18, 2014, the White House directed the EPA and Department of Transportation to set the next round of fuel efficiency and carbon pollution standards for medium and heavy-duty trucks, to go into effect in 2019. In a February report, the White House outlined how these standards would improve energy security, cut carbon pollution, save taxpayers money, and support manufacturing innovation. The Administration expects to work closely with manufacturers, labor, states, non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholders to develop these proposed rules.

A notice of proposed rulemaking is expected by March 2015.

Resources on medium-sized and heavy-duty trucks are included below:


Fact Sheets

Press Releases

Press and Articles

Blogs

Reports & Other Resources

Sources for photos:

Photo 1: Courtesy of JT, www.TheEnvironmentalBlog.org

Photo 3: Courtesy of mindadapanda/Flickr

Earth Justice Fact sheet on Coal fueled fleet transition in the APA

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